Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to Cannabioid Use

What are Mental and Behavioral Disorders from Cannaboid Use?

It is estimated that between 10 and 60 percent of adolescents have tried cannabioids, but about 2% of students use them daily.

Causes of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to Cannabis Use

Shredded flowers and hemp leaves (anasha, marijuana) are also used to make hash – a resin that contains a substance concentrate. Brewing, smoking, eating leads to drug intoxication due to tetrahydrocannabiol, cannabiol and cannabidiol, which bind to G-protein-containing neuron receptors. Depending on the dose, stimulating, sedative and hallucinogenic effects occur.

Symptoms of Mental and Behavioral Disorders from Cannaboid Use

Acute intoxication
It is characterized by relaxation and euphoria, dilated pupils, conjunctival hyperemia, dry mucous membranes, increased appetite, and rhinitis. Speech is slurred; complex motor functions and coordination are impaired. A sharp increase in libido and appetite (wolfish appetite).

Harmful use
Chronic fatigue and lethargy, chronic nausea and vomiting, headaches, irritability are characteristic. Swelling of the tongue of the palate, dry unproductive cough, nasal congestion, chronic bronchitis, weakening of eye reactions, impotence and infertility. Panic attacks, suicidal attempts, worsening short-term memory, depression, social isolation, cessation of activity.

Addiction syndrome
Mental dependence predominates. Patients motivate repeated use by weakening thought processes.

Withdrawal syndrome
Weak physical dependence and withdrawal syndrome. Irritability, increased sleep time, loss of appetite, insomnia, chills, tremors, sweating, myalgia, photophobia, anorexia.

Psychotic disorder
Hallucinatory pictures with the inclusion of auditory and visual hallucinations, schizophrenia-like conditions with a symptom of open mind, symptoms of the first rank, depersonalization characteristic of schizophrenia. Severe depression and dementia with loss of cognitive abilities.

Amnestic syndrome
Fixative amnestic disorders.

Residual condition and psychotic disorder delayed debut
Personality changes with social isolation, apathy, episodes of hallucinatory and schizophrenic psychoses with depersonalization, loss of intuition and cognitive impairment.

Diagnosis of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to Cannabis Use

Clinic of acute intoxication, history and urinalysis for cannabioids.

Differential diagnosis
It should be differentiated from mental behavioral disorders due to the use of other psychoactive substances.

Treating Mental and Behavioral Disorders Due to Cannaboid Use

Methods of behavioral therapy and psychotherapy. In the treatment of acute intoxication conditions, benzodiazepines with an anti-anxiety effect.