Aggression of men and women
Researchers say that guys and men are more prone to aggressive behavior than girls and women. Men often abuse animals and children. This is due to the fact that in the male body there is a higher level of a hormone called testosterone. The more it is in the body, the more a person is prone to anger and aggression. Men show mainly physical aggression, and women are limited to verbal form of aggressive behavior.
The difference between the aggression of the two sexes lies in the attitudes regarding such behavior. Men generally feel little guilt, have a low level of anxiety. Women, on the contrary, think about how the victim will react to their behavior, whether she will show retaliatory aggression, whether she will be too depressed and upset, etc.
Aggression in the understanding of men is a means to achieve goals. For women, aggressive behavior is a way to relieve stress, calm down. These are in most cases short-term outbursts of anger. Differences in the aggressive behavior of men and women are due to several reasons. The first is the genetic factor. Aggressive males in ancient times were more likely to dominate and reproduce. With the help of aggression, they defeated other applicants for the chosen woman. Scientists Vershur, Kenrick and Sadalla, after conducting research, concluded that the male desire for dominance is positively evaluated by women and is considered an attractive feature.
Differences in the aggression of both sexes are also dictated by cultural and social factors. Women are considered more social creatures, they tend to empathize and make friends. And men show their self-confidence, tend to demonstrate strength. Women evaluate most actions as harmful and leading to anxiety or guilt.
Objects of aggression
The first type of aggressive behavior to consider is “chivalry.” The experiments of the scientists Mukherjee, Kolsawalla, Nanji and Kanekara demonstrated that aggression directed at a woman, especially outgoing from a man, is considered unacceptable. The men who acted aggressively in this experiment were perceived by the women as more immoral than those who displayed aggression directed at men.
Women cause less aggression in men, because the males perceive them as harmless objects. Studies have shown that if revenge is needed, a man will take revenge on another man more severely than on a woman.
“Anti-chivalry” is the second form of male aggression. Researchers Thompson, Richardson, Romanovsky and Golin testify that men show aggression towards a woman most often when she causes them specific fears. These fears include, first of all, the self-esteem of men. When a woman demonstrates that she considers them weak or unmanly, this causes the greatest level of aggression.
Characteristics of aggressive behavior
Aggressive behavior can occur even in very young children when the child does not get something they want. Aggression can be provoked by 3 factors:
- infectious disease
- getting a traumatic brain injury
- use of psychotropic substances
- narcotic substances
- hereditary features
- emotional instability
- antisocial social circle
- influence of colleagues
- influence of friends
- family influence
There are such features of aggressive behavior:
- humiliation of the honor and dignity of another person
- damage to property
- susceptibility to physical abuse
Aggressive behavior of the teacher
The reasons for the aggressive behavior of teachers, educators, curators, trainers can be:
- low level of professionalism
- professional burnout
- decline in the prestige of the teaching profession
- aggressive behavior of several / many students in the class, etc.
The aggression of the teacher negatively affects children, who, in principle, do not face anger, screaming and insults anywhere else, except at school. Such children are more likely to receive psychological trauma or at least negative life experiences. This will affect their perception of all teachers and coaches in the future, the perception of persons of the same gender as their teachers, moral attitudes, etc.
If you find that your child’s teacher is prone to aggressive behavior (including verbal aggression), you need to talk to him one on one, or by connecting one or two more parents to this matter. In no case do not scandal, and do not try to sort things out with the teacher in public. If, after the conversation, the teacher does not draw conclusions and shows aggression, you need to inform the school principal about this. Aggressive people have no place in the pedagogical system.
Aggression after a stroke
Aggressive behavior is a characteristic consequence of a stroke. The reason lies in changes in the psychophysical state. Patients are characterized by causeless mood changes, irascibility, irritability. Relatives must have the patience to communicate with him. An important condition for recovery is peace and positive emotions.
Correction of aggressive behavior
Aggressive behavior in some cases can be corrected on your own, but sometimes you need to resort to the on-site help of specialists. Methods for correcting aggression in children, adolescents and adults are different. To reduce aggression in children, the following actions are relevant:
- proper organization of the daily routine and leisure of the child
- active physical education, sports, dancing
- fatigue prevention
- normalization of sleep and wakefulness
As for the psychological methods of correcting aggressive behavior in children, a number of them are relevant. The first technique is called “toy in a fist.” The baby is asked to close his eyes, a toy is placed in his hand and asked to squeeze it tightly. After that, the baby is asked to open his eyes and check what is clamped in his palm. The second topical technique is called the “pouch of anger”. Grains or sand with small pebbles are poured into a small fabric bag. A child can kick him, beat him, throw him when he feels a surge of anger, anger, irritation in himself.
Aggression reduction factors
The following strategies can be used to correct aggressive behavior in children:
- focus on the feelings and emotions of others
- to stimulate and demonstrate humane feelings in an aggressive child and a victim
- experiencing a sense of joy and pride when the child has mastered himself, does not show aggressiveness
- switching the child from experiencing feelings of failure and aggressive behavior
- reaction of feelings of resentment in an aggressive child and the one to whom his aggressive behavior is directed
- modeling a situation of failure in order to overcome the feeling of failure, etc.
To correct aggression in adults, special psychological techniques can be used if the aggressor himself has a desire to change. If the desire is small, inconsistent or not there, it is worth motivating a person to apply for a face-to-face consultation with a psychologist or psychotherapist. Only regular practice will help to adjust your behavior for the benefit of yourself and others.