Postencephalitis Syndrome

What is postencephalitis syndrome?

The syndrome is considered a stage in the course of encephalitis and, in the absence of gross neurological focal disorders, is usually reversible.

Causes of Postencephalitis Syndrome

The cause is viral and bacterial encephalitis.

Symptoms of Postencephalitis Syndrome

Symptoms are nonspecific and vary depending on the type of pathogen and the age of onset of infection. In the neurological picture, paresis, deafness, aphasia, apraxia, acalculia are possible. In an emotional state – apathy, organic asthenia. Decrease in ability to conclusions and judgments, loss of productivity. Insomnia and decreased appetite. Temporary social maladaptation due to cognitive deficit.

Diagnosis of Postencephalitis syndrome

Based on the identification of encephalitis in the residual period:

  1. General malaise, apathy, or irritability.
  2. Decreased cognitive functioning.
  3. Disorders of sleep and appetite.
  4. Changes in the sexual sphere and social judgment.
  5. Residual neurological symptoms.

Differential diagnosis

Diagnosis of organic personality disorders is based on anamnesis.

Postencephalitis Syndrome Treatment

Along with nootropics and tranquilizers, absorbable therapy is used.