What is Trance and Obsession?
Trance and obsession (states of mastery) are disorders in which there is a temporary loss of both a sense of personal identity and full awareness of the environment. In some cases, individual actions are controlled by another person.
Reasons for Trance and Obsession
The main causes of the disorder are mental trauma and mental stress, sometimes associated with the specifics of the work, for example, the service of special contingents of power structures.
Symptoms of Trance and Obsession
Loss of a sense of personal identity and awareness of the environment. Actions are governed by another person, spirit, deity, power. Attention and awareness can be limited or focused on one or two aspects from the immediate environment and often there is a limited but recurring set of movements, postures and statements.
Diagnosis of Trance and Obsession
Only those transmissions and obsessions are included that are involuntary or undesirable and impede daily activities due to the fact that they arise or persist outside religious or other culturally acceptable situations.
Trance and obsession developing during schizophrenia are excluded, in which this syndrome is combined with other symptoms of the first rank and emotional-volitional disorders, or epileptic trances accompanied by subsequent amnesia, and trances should be distinguished in acute psychoses with delusions and hallucinations, or multiple disorders personality. This category should not be used in cases where it is assumed that the state of trance is closely associated with any physical disorder (such as traumatic brain injury) or intoxication with psychoactive substances. Mastery states and trance are possible as inductive states among members of religious sects.
Treatment for Trance and Obsession
Rational psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, gestalt therapy, tranquilizers.